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Next Steps for ICANN Board Working Group on Anti-Harassment

The ICANN Board Working Group on Anti-Harassment met with a small cross-section of interested community members at ICANN64 in Kobe, Japan, to discuss the Board Working Group's workplan and agree on next steps.

The community members in attendance shared many valuable ideas for the Board Working Group to consider in conjunction with ICANN org. For example:

Awareness-Raising Campaign

To launch a broad awareness-raising campaign by ICANN65. This anti-harassment awareness effort, conducted in collaboration with the ICANN Ombuds office, will highlight existing processes and procedures and provide information on the various ways to report harassment.


To undertake research to benchmark anti-harassment procedures by identifying organizations that share characteristics similar to ICANN, including those that work actively with volunteers from around the world. The research will consider: How these organizations implement anti-harassment policies, their best practices, and whether they can be leveraged in the ICANN context. Input will be sought from community members to build on this benchmarking effort and further inform the ongoing work.

Public Session at ICANN65

To hold a public session at ICANN65 to allow broader community participation. Following ICANN65, a questionnaire will be launched to assess the broader community's awareness and understanding of ICANN's existing Community Anti-Harassment Policy and related procedures.


To look at how anti-harassment training might be incorporated into ICANN processes. One particular idea is to explore training opportunities to be included in the leadership community programs so that new community leaders are informed and aware of the resources and tools available to address this important issue.

The ultimate goal of these efforts is one we should all share -- to secure an environment of mutual respect, support and collegiality for everyone in ICANN's global community.

We will provide regular updates to the community on our progress and look forward to continuing our work together.


    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."