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ICANN Collaborates with Moscow-Based PIR Center to Present a Collection of Articles on Cyberspace

As ICANN continues to look for better ways to ensure its core mission, as outlined in the organization's bylaws, the security, stability and resiliency (SSR) of the Internet's unique identifiers system stands out as a priority for Internet communities around the globe.

The multistakeholder model, in the pursuit of this mission, often faces the challenge of an uneven distribution of voices from different communities and their take on these global issues. Some of these issues are the security, stability and resiliency of local and global Internet infrastructures, the Internet of Things (IOT) and the threats posed by it, the implications of the IANA Stewardship Transition, and cybersecurity. At the same time, these voices, while adding to the vast diversity of perspectives on these problems, demonstrate that many issues on the global Internet governance and cybersecurity agenda are common across the world.

We'd like to present to the ICANN community, as well as anyone interested, a collection of articles, titled "Global Internet governance and cyber security as viewed by Russian experts," which were published throughout 2015 and 2016 in Security Index1, one of the most influential Russian publications that analyzes global security issues. Together with PIR Center, a Moscow-based think-tank, we translated five pieces into English. These articles were written by experts from the Russian Internet community representing the community's various stakeholder groups: the business constituency (Olga Makarova of MTS, one of the largest mobile operators in Russia, Alexey Lukatsky of Cisco Systems), technical community (Andrey Kolesnikov, former director of .ru/.рф ссTLD, current Director of the Russian Internet of Things Association and a member of ICANN At-Large Board), and academic community (Oleg Demidov and me, PIR Center consultants).

Even though these articles were originally written and published in Russian over a year ago, they bring up and analyze very important topics and provide valuable lessons that are still relevant and useful to the community.

We believe that getting you acquainted with this collection of articles is valuable for informed and inclusive policy making, as well as an overall awareness of the discussions around cyber-related issues from a country that often generates headlines about their cybersecurity initiatives and issues.

We are most grateful to PIR Center for the great job of putting together this publication, as well as the authors, and invite you all to get acquainted with "Global Internet governance and cyber security as viewed by Russian experts."

1 Selection of articles and their translation supported by ICANN


    peterluther  06:37 UTC on 07 July 2017

    Hi, Thanks for the sharing nice posting with us. i am really impressed.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."