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针对通用顶级域中某些红十字与红新月名称的拟定共识性政策

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评议开放日期: 2018 年 11 月 21 日 截止日期: 2018 年 12 月 14 日
发起组织: GNSO
类别/标签: 政策制定;签约方协议
简介: 根据《ICANN 章程》,本轮公共评议期旨在为公众提供一个合理的机会,针对通用顶级域中某些红十字与红新月名称的拟定共识性政策提出看法和建议,然后再将该政策呈交给 ICANN 董事会进行审议。通用名称支持组织 (GNSO) 理事会已于 2018 年 9 月通过了拟定共识性政策,并建议董事会采纳该政策。根据《ICANN 章程》提出的公共评议期需要至少开放 21 天的要求,本轮公共评议期结束后,拟定共识性政策和所有相关建议都将被呈交给 ICANN 董事会供其审议和采取行动。
链接: https://www.icann.org/public-comments/red-cross-names-consensus-policy-2018-11-21-en

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."