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ICANN and CCK Collaborate on a Youth Education Initiative in Tunisia

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and Centre de Calcul El-Khawarizmi (CCK) are pleased to announce their collaboration on a Youth Education Initiative to enhance youth capacity and awareness of Internet governance in Tunisia, through a bi-monthly series of educational workshops. The first was held today, titled "Introduction to ICANN and the Domain Name System". The series of workshops aim to build awareness in the local community on how to participate in ICANN and engage effectively in Tunisia.

The initiative is part of an academic engagement program co-organized by ICANN and CCK with support of local community experts who will present on the specific workshop topics. The workshops are considered pilot projects for the region and are an outcome of the Middle East DNS Forum in Tunis earlier this year. Through the assessment of the initiative in Tunisia, ICANN is exploring the opportunities to organize similar events in other countries of the region in the future.

The workshops are aimed at undergraduate and graduate students from any discipline, with an interest in the Internet and its various components. Participants will be instructed on real-life examples to theoretical knowledge, on the Internet ecosystem with a focus on ICANN's work and the Internet's Unique Identifiers. The workshops will cover a range of topics that will be customized to accommodate the diverse academic backgrounds of the participants including:

  •  ICANN and the IANA Functions
  • The Domain Name System (DNS)
  • DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC)
  • IP Addresses (IPv4 and IPv6)
  • Internet Governance

Through the Youth Educational initiative, ICANN looks towards creating stronger associations with the youth community as well as the academic institutes in the region, to help increase awareness and participation in ICANN's work and the Internet Governance processes.

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About ICANN:

ICANN's mission is to help ensure a stable, secure and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet, you need to type an address into your computer or other device – a name or a number. That address must be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinate and support these unique identifiers across the world. ICANN was formed in 1998 as a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation and a community with participants from all over the world.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."