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Introduction of Two-Character Domain Names in the New gTLD Namespace

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 12 June 2014
  • Top-Level Domains
  • Second-Level Domains
  • Contracted Party Agreements
  • Security/Stability
Purpose (Brief):

Six (6) Registry Services Evaluation Process (RSEP) requests were submitted by the registry operators listed below to allow the introduction of two-character domain names in the New gTLD namespace. In total, the requests concern 148 New gTLDs.

Proposal TLD Registry Name Documents
2014011 Multiple TLDs Donuts, Inc.; submitted by Binky Lake, LLC* Binky Lake, LLC Request 09 May 2014 [PDF, 19 KB]
2014010 kred KredTLD Pty Ltd KredTLD Pty Ltd Request 11 March 2014 [PDF, 18 KB]
2014009 best BestTLD Pty Ltd BestTLD Pty Ltd Request 11 March 2014 [PDF, 18 KB]
2014008 ceo CEOTLD Pty Ltd CeoTLD Pty Ltd Request 11 March 2014 [PDF, 18 KB]
2014007 wiki Top Level Design, LLC Top Level Design LLC Request 11 March 2014 [PDF, 196 KB]
2014006 globo Globo Comunicação e Participações S.A Globo Comunicação e Participações SA Request 05 February 2014 [PDF, 18 KB]

*Note: Binky Lake, LLC has submitted a RSEP request on behalf of Donuts, Inc. for 143 gTLDs

As part of these requests, each registry operator described which two-character domain names in which it would offer these registrations. These RSEP requests were posted for public information on the Registry Service Evaluation Process webpage, available at

As required by the Registry Services Evaluation Policy, ICANN has undertaken a preliminary determination on whether the proposals might raise significant competition, security or stability issues. ICANN's preliminary review (based on the information provided) did not identify any such issues for these requests.

Implementation of the proposal would require amendments to the Exhibit A of the respective Registry Agreements, which are being posted for public comment.

Public Comment Box Link:

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."