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Fundamental Bylaws Amendment Proposal – IANA Naming Function Review

Open Date: 10 June 2019 Close Date: 26 July 2019
Originating Organization:

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), Legal


Bylaws, IANA Naming Function Review

Brief Overview:

Purpose: The purpose of this public comment proceeding is to obtain community input on a proposed change to Bylaws Section 18.7(b), regarding the IANA Naming Function Review Team's Composition. The proposed amendment was raised by the ccNSO, which has identified a current and ongoing issue with populating the IANA Naming Function Review in accordance with the Bylaws' requirements. The Board, taking on the ccNSO's request, agreed to initiate the Fundament Bylaws amendment process (specified Section 25.2 of the Bylaws) to seek community input on the ccNSO's proposed modifications to the composition requirements. The amendment would remove the requirement for the ccNSO to identify a non-ccNSO member ccTLD representative and instead allow the ccNSO to appoint three representatives to the team, regardless of ccNSO member status.

Current Status: In making appointments to the IANA Naming Function Review Team, as required under Article 18 of the ICANN Bylaws, the ccNSO Council has run into complications in identifying a non-ccNSO member ccTLD representative. As there is not yet a composition that complies with the Bylaws, the IANA Naming Function Review Team work has not yet started. The ccNSO is continuing its efforts to complete the composition, as this issue impacts the ability to start the current IFR process. In the event that the non-ccTLD member slot is not filled through engagement efforts, any change to the IFR composition that is reached at the end of this Fundamental Bylaws Amendment process will apply to the current IFR process, as well as remedying the issue for future IANA Naming Function Reviews. The ccNSO Council requested that the ICANN Board initiate the Fundamental Bylaws Amendment process under Section 25.2 of the ICANN Bylaws and proposed the updated composition.

Next Steps: The ICANN Board will consider public comments received in evaluating the proposed Amendment. If the Board approves a Fundamental Bylaws change, the ICANN Empowered Community will then need to consider whether to approve the amendment as well.


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."