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ICANN Releases Findings from a Community-Wide Survey on Gender Diversity and Participation

LOS ANGELES – 12 October 2017 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) published the detailed report containing data and analysis from the recent Gender Diversity and Participation Survey. The survey was open to the ICANN community from 9 June – 8 July 2017. A total of 584 individuals participated in the survey.

The survey report provides a question-by-question analysis of the survey data and gives proposed data-driven recommendations for the community to consider. The findings offer insights into current perceptions of gender diversity in the community, potential and perceived barriers to participation, and the community's support for initiatives to enhance gender diversity.

You can find the report and a one-page visual overview here: https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/gender-diversity-participation-survey-report-2017-10-11-en

The report and the visual overview are available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.

The ICANN organization is committed to promoting greater diversity and supporting broad, inclusive participation. Next steps on the topic of gender diversity are up to the ICANN community. This report provides useful data and findings to guide these discussions.

Please email any feedback or questions to gendersurvey@icann.org.

About ICANN

ICANN's mission is to help ensure a stable, secure and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet, you have to type an address into your computer - a name or a number. That address has to be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinate and support these unique identifiers across the world. ICANN was formed in 1998 as a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation and a community with participants from all over the world. ICANN and its community help keep the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It also promotes competition and develops policy for the top-level of the Internet's naming system and facilitates the use of other unique Internet identifiers. For more information please visit: www.icann.org.


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."