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ICANN Issues 60-Day Notice to the Effective Date of the Approved Amendment to the Base New gTLD Registry Agreement

LOS ANGELES – 1 June 2017 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) issued a 60-day notice to the effective date of the approved amendment ("Global Amendment") to the base New gTLD Registry Agreement ("Registry Agreement") to all affected registry operators. The effective date of the Global Amendment is 31 July 2017. This 60-day notice follows the approval of the Global Amendment [PDF, 424 KB] by eligible registry operators and the ICANN Board according to the terms of the contract.

The process to amend the Registry Agreement began in July 2014 when the Registries Stakeholder Group (RySG) notified the ICANN organization that it wished to initiate negotiations for contract amendments. The Registry Agreement provides a mechanism for the ICANN organization or the RySG to periodically initiate negotiations to discuss revisions to the Registry Agreement.

The Global Amendment is the result of bilateral negotiations between the ICANN organization and the RySG Working Group as well as a subsequent public comment proceeding. The ICANN organization and the RySG Working Group reviewed the public comments and revised the Global Amendment based on the comments received. The resulting revisions in the Global Amendment focus largely on technical corrections and clarifications with a few substantive changes.

For additional reference materials and details of the process, visit ICANN's Global Amendment webpage.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."