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Selection of Advisors to the Enhancing ICANN Accountability Process

The Accountability & Governance Public Experts Group (PEG) announces the selection of Advisors to the Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG).

As stated in the revised Enhancing ICANN Accountability and Governance Process from 10 October, The Public Experts Group (PEG) was tasked with selecting up to 7 Advisors to the CCWG. Through the course of its work, the PEG identified the following areas of expertise as critical to the process and to the evaluation of Advisor candidates:

  • Board Governance and Corporate Management (for example operational, finance, risk management)
  • Global Accountability and Transparency – theoretical, practical, tools and metrics
  • Global Ethics Frameworks and Human Rights (for example consumer protection)
  • Governmental Engagement and Relations and Multistakeholder Governance
  • International Law/ Jurisprudence (for example choice of law)

The PEG is pleased to announce the following individuals, serving in their personal capacities as Advisors to the CCWG:

Roberto Bissio, Executive Director of the Instituto del Tercer Mundo -- Area of Expertise: Global Ethics Frameworks and Human Rights (for example consumer protection)

William Currie, Consultant in ICT Policy and Regulation -- Area of Expertise: Governmental Engagement and Relations and Multistakeholder Governance

Valerie D'Costa, Program Manager at infoDev -- Area of Expertise: Governmental Engagement and Relations and Multistakeholder Governance

Ira Magaziner, Chief Executive Officer and Vice Chairman of the Clinton Health Access Initiative -- Area of Expertise: Governmental Engagement and Relations and Multistakeholder Governance

Nell Minow, Shareholder Advocate -- Area of Expertise: Board Governance and Corporate Management (for example operational, finance, risk management

Jan Scholte, Professor, University of Gothenburg and University of Warwick -- Area of Expertise: Global Accountability and Transparency — theoretical, practical, tools and metrics

The Advisors roles are to contribute research and advice, and to bring perspectives on global best practices to enrich the discussion, all while engaging with a broader network of accountability experts from around the world.

The PEG continues its search for an Advisor who will bring expertise in International Law/Jurisprudence and will strive to select this Advisor as soon as possible.

Once the PEG has concluded its work, it will no longer be active in the Enhancing ICANN Accountability Process. However, the PEG notes that the Enhancing ICANN Accountability Process considered that while the PEG's formal task is to select Advisors, PEG members could continue to be available provide additional assistance if there is an identified need for further independent input or expertise.


The members of the PEG are: Ms. Jeanette Hoffman, Director, Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society; Ambassador Janis Karklins, Latvian Ambassador. Chair of the Multi-stakeholder Advisory Group (MAG); Mr. Larry Strickling, NTIA Administrator and Assistant Secretary for Communication and Information of the U.S. Department of Commerce; and Mr. Brian Cute, Chief Executive Officer, Public Interest Registry


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."