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Summary of Public Experts Group Meeting October 14, 2014

[Audio of the full meeting is available online here.]

On October 14, 2014, the Public Experts Group (PEG) met to discuss evaluation criteria for the selection of Advisors to the Cross Community Working Group (CCWG) in the ICANN Accountability Process. The PEG members, Jeanette Hofmann, Janis Karklins, Larry Strickling and Brian Cute, discussed and agreed to the areas of expertise and evaluation criteria they would use in the selection process. The PEG agreed it was important to ensure that certain areas of expertise are brought into the work of the CCWG and that it should focus on areas of expertise that complement expertise brought by the Community participants in the CCWG.

As such, the PEG identified the following areas of expertise:

 

Board Governance and Corporate Management (for example operational, finance, risk management)

Global Accountability and Transparency – theoretical, practical, tools and metrics

Global Ethics Frameworks and Human Rights (for example consumer protection)

Governmental Engagement and Relations and Multistakeholder Governance

International Law/ Jurisprudence (for example choice of law)

 

A broader list of areas of expertise had been made available to the PEG for consideration. There were certain areas of expertise that are readily available in the ICANN Community (for example, Internet Technical Operations). The PEG believes that it need not duplicate expertise such as this through the appointment of Advisors. After agreeing to these areas of expertise, the PEG began to review the list of candidates presented to conduct and initial screening. We note that some candidates were put forward or are well-connected to existing ICANN Community structures. Since the Advisors will play a purely advisory role in the process, and whereas these candidates may be able to participate more fully in the CCWG, the PEG recommends that these candidates avail themselves of the Community-based mechanism for participation in the CCWG.

The PEG will also consider the need for diversity (for example, geographic, gender) in the Advisors when evaluating candidates. The PEG will review the biographic materials presented by candidates and will conduct its own research as well. The PEG anticipates that it will complete its work by the end of October.


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."