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Accountability & Governance Public Experts Group Members Announced

As described in the 14 August 2014 posting of the Enhancing ICANN Accountability: Process and Next Steps, four respected individuals with backgrounds in academia, governmental relations, global insight, and the Affirmation of Commitments (AoC), will form the Accountability & Governance Public Experts Group.

Selected by ICANN's President and CEO, Fadi Chehadé, members of the Public Experts Group will be responsible for the selection of up to seven Advisors to sit on the Coordination Group to assure that best practices are brought from the larger global community. Once selected by the Public Experts Group, these Advisors will contribute research and advice, as well as bring perspectives on global best practices to enrich the discussion, all while engaging with a broader network of accountability experts from around the world.

The members of the Public Experts Group are:

  • Mr. Brian Cute

    CEO of The Public Interest Registry and Chair of ICANN's first and second Accountability and Transparency Review Teams (ATRT).1

  • Ms. Jeanette Hofmann

    Director, Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society, in Berlin, Germany. She also conducts research at the Social Science Research Center Berlin. She represented the academic community as one of four co-chairs of the NETmundial Global Multistakeholder Meeting on the Future of Internet Governance in São Paulo, Brazil, in April 2014.

  • Amb. Janis Karklins

    Latvian Ambassador. Chair of the Multistakeholder Advisory Group (MAG); former Chairman of the Governmental Advisory Committee, GAC Liaison to the ICANN Board and co-selector of the ATRT1.

  • Hon. Lawrence E. Strickling

    NTIA Administrator and Assistant Secretary for Communication and Information of the U.S. Department of Commerce; and member of both ATRT1 and ATRT2.

1 Mandated by the Affirmation of Commitments (AoC), the ATRT is a team of community representatives responsible for reviewing ICANN's accountability, transparency and pursuit of the interests of global Internet users on a recurring basis.

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."