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中文社群促进中文顶级域名的发展——组建根域标签生成规则(LGR)专家组

ICANN十分高兴地宣布中文根域标签生成规则(LGR)专家组现已正式组建。

依照2013年7月11日发布的《呼吁组建根域标签生成规则专家组》 一文,中文社群已于2014年8月27日向ICANN提交了其所编制的《中文根域标签生成规则专家组组建提案》(简称"本提案" [PDF, 235 KB] 和 附件A [PDF, 167 KB])。ICANN工作人员已对这份提案进行了审核,包括专家组的构成和工作范围,以确保该提案符合《LGR规程》 [PDF, 772 KB] 中确定的要求,特别是《呼吁组建根域标签生成规则专家组》一文中确立的标准。

我们愿意借此机会代表ICANN衷心感谢中文生成专家组中的每位成员,感谢你们花时间和精力将自身的专业知识贡献给这一专家组。

鉴于该专家组的构成和工作规划现已获批,中文生成专家组将立即着手制定标签生成规则。根据《LGR规程》 [PDF, 772 KB],任何生成专家组应首先关注2014年6月20日发布的《最大启动指令表》(MSR1)中规定的工作。 有关生成专家组的完整规格可参见《LGR规程》 [PDF, 772 KB],特别是第B.3节"变体规则生成规程"。

ICANN将为项目网站 提供一个集中的公共工作空间,以发布中文生成专家组的构成、工作规划最新动态、公共报告、联系信息和任何其他相关信息。

为了提醒并强调文字社群组建IDN根域标签生成专家组的重要性,我们想再次重申并呼吁组建根域标签生成规则专家组。IDN根域LGR的成功编制取决于在根域中为每种文字组建一个生成专家组。在IDN根域LGR的编制过程中,除了目前对阿拉伯文和中文所做的工作以外,我们还希望能够组建其他文字的生成专家组,包括:亚美尼亚文、孟加拉文、西里尔文、梵文、埃塞俄比亚文、格鲁吉亚文、希腊文、古吉拉特文、果鲁穆奇文、希伯来文、日文、高棉文、韩文、老挝文、拉丁文、缅甸文、奥里雅文、僧伽罗文、泰米尔文、泰卢固文、泰国文和藏文。

如需有关如何组建生成专家组、或提交个人或组织组建生成专家组意向的其他信息,请参考《呼吁组建根域标签生成规则专家组》 一文,以及根域LGR项目网站 上提供的其他支持文件。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."