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今天,ICANN 发布了负责制定根区域标签生成规则的生成专家组招募书 [PDF, 150 KB],准备采取 IDN 根区域标签生成规则程序实施工作的下一步措施。

IDN 根区域LGR 项目将开展以下工作:确定 IDN TLD 的有效代码点集制定规则,以及确定并在可能时授权任何 IDN 变体 TLD 制定规则。上述工作将根据针对 IDNA 标签制定和维护根区域标签生成规则的程序 [PDF, 1.39 MB] 开展,负责开展这些工作的人员包括一个融合专家组(由收费专家组成)、一组来自所有专家组的顾问(由收费顾问、ICANN 工作人员或志愿者组成)以及一个生成专家组(由志愿者组成)。本次招募针对最后一个专家组。

能否成功制定 IDN 根区域 LGR 取决于生成专家组是否了解根区域中所使用的各种文字。生成专家组有望代表各自的机构群体,并招募到拥有开展实质性工作所需的适当技能的成员,为其机构群体所使用的文字制定 LGR。

每个生成专家组将由一位主席、若干机构群体代表以及在 DNS、IDNA、Unicode 和相关文字的语言学方面具有专业技术知识的成员组成。负责制定根区域标签生成规则的生成专家组招募书 [PDF, 150 KB] 介绍了所需的专业知识和选举流程的详细信息。诚邀有意向的志愿者提交个人简历和意向陈述,证明自己成为专家组成员或主席的资质。如果已拥有处理 IDN 和变体问题的工作组的机构群体有意成立一个生成专家组(基于现有工作组,让部分或全部成员加入),请与 ICANN 联系。

最初,成立生成专家组是为了处理以下在新 gTLD 和 IDN ccTLD 计划的现有申请中所使用的文字:阿拉伯文、希伯来文、中文、日文、韩文、西里尔字母、希腊文、拉丁文、孟加拉文、梵文、古吉拉特文、果鲁穆奇字母、僧伽罗文、泰米尔文、泰卢固文、泰文和格鲁吉亚文。不过,本次招募也面向有意加入生成专家组处理其他文字的志愿者开放。


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."