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Fellowship Application Round Opens for ICANN 52 in Marrakech

About the Fellowship Program:

Since its creation in 2007, the Fellowship Program has had over 1000 successful fellowships. Today many of these individuals are actively participating in all of the ICANN communities as leaders in At Large, the GAC, ccNSO, SSAC and gNSO. There are six alumni of the program now on staff at ICANN, including recent SSAC member Dr. Sarmad Hussain as Manager of IDNs and Rodrigo Saucedo as a Stakeholder Engagement Manager in Latin America. Other individuals are engaged in the gNSO and its working groups as well as actively engaging in Internet Governance discussions around the world.

The ICANN Fellowship program seeks participants from developing countries of the world in order to help create a broader base of knowledgeable constituents to engage in the multi-stakeholder process and become the new voice of experience in their regions and beyond. Our current application round for participation in Marrakech next February launches today and remains open until 19 September 2014 with successful candidates announced on the ICANN website 7 November 2014.

Find out more about applying »

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."