Independent Review Process(IRP)
An IRP provides a means by which a party can raise claims that an action or inaction taken by the ICANN Board, individual Directors, Officers, or staff members violates ICANN's Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws, The IRP allows for review of such claims by independent neutral panelists and provides an alternative to legal action in a court.
Inferential Analysis of Maliciously Registered Domains(INFERMAL)
A project that aims to systematically analyze the preferences of cyberattackers and possible measures to mitigate malicious activities across top-level domains.
information and communications technology(ICT)
Initial Evaluation period
In the New Generic Top-Level Domain Program (New gTLD Program), the first stage in ICANN’s review of an application for a gTLD. During this stage, ICANN reviews the applied-for string, assesses the applicant's technical and financial capabilities, and evaluates the applicant's proposed registry services.
The technical experts who evaluate the Label Generation Rules developed by Generation Panels and integrate the rules into the unified set of Root Zone Label Generation Rules (RZ-LGR). This panel is responsible for carrying out the second phase of the Procedure to Develop and Maintain the Label Generation Rules for the Root Zone in Respect of Internationalized Domain Names in Applications (IDNA) Labels.
The Integration Panel is composed of individuals with expertise in the Domain Name System, the Unicode Standard, and scripts. After incrementally integrating one or more sets of Label Generation Rules into the unified RZ-LGR, the panel posts the updated version of the RZ-LGR to the ICANN website.
An intangible creation of human intellect that is protected by law from unauthorized use. Examples of intellectual property include inventions, processes, works of art, trademarks, and trade names. Within the ICANN community, intellectual property owners are represented by the Intellectual Property Constituency within the Commercial Stakeholder Group.
Intellectual Property Constituency(IPC)
Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy(IRTP)
International Organization for Standardization(ISO)
International Phonetic Alphabet
A notational standard for phonetic representation in multiple languages.
International Telecommunication Union(ITU)
A specialized agency of the United Nations that develops international technical standards that enable networks and other information and communications technologies to interconnect. ITU’s original purpose was to allocate the global radio spectrum and satellite orbits.
Internationalized Domain Name(IDN)
A domain name in which one or more of its labels contain characters other than ASCII letters, digits, or hyphens. Because IDNs support the use of Unicode characters, they can include characters from local languages and scripts. For example, [실례.테스트], is a domain name composed entirely of Hangul characters.
Internationalized Domain Name Country Code Top-Level Domain Fast Track Process(IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process)
Internationalized Domain Name Practices Repository(IDN Practices Repository)
Internationalized Domain Name second-level domain(IDN SLD)
Internationalized Domain Name table(IDN table)
A specification that defines the permitted characters and rules for combining characters to form labels in the languages and scripts applicable to a particular zone of the Domain Name System (DNS). Zone managers create IDN tables to establish policies for the DNS zones they manage.