Skip to main content

New L-Root Instance in Puerto Rico Will Help Mitigate Network Outages and Deliver Improved Internet Experience

San Juan, Puerto Rico… Gauss Research Laboratory, Inc. ( announced today that it has successfully installed an L-Root instance in San Juan, Puerto Rico. This new instance will provide Internet resiliency to the region and reduce the response time their customers experience when making Domain Name System (DNS) queries.

"This new instance is part of Puerto Rico's ongoing efforts to strengthen the robustness and resiliency of its Internet infrastructure while also fostering local content development," stated Dr. Oscar Moreno, CEO & Founder of .pr. "On top of that, this announcement coincides with Gauss Research Laboratory's celebration of the 25th anniversary of"

This new L-Root instance is the result of an agreement between Gauss Research Laboratory, Inc. and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).

"ICANN applauds's efforts in developing Puerto Rico's information and telecommunication sector," said Chris Mondini, ICANN's Vice President of Stakeholder Engagement in North America and Global Business Engagement. "L-Root server instances contribute to faster response times for DNS queries, and we encourage other organizations to consider deploying their own instances to help develop their regions."

There are 13 "root," or fully authoritative, DNS servers, identified by alphabetic letters A through M — the "L" root being one. Computers locate one another on a network by using numeric addresses, while humans find it easier to use and remember names (for instance, users typically remember the domain name "" more easily than the Internet Protocol address, 2620:0:2d0:200::7). The Domain Name System (DNS) matches domain names with numeric addresses, in much the same way a phone book matches names to phone numbers.


To learn more about root servers, please visit:

For more information on Gauss Research Laboratory, please visit:

For more information on, please visit:

Media Contacts

Pablo Rodriguez – Director of Sales and Marketing
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Tel: +1.787.422.6817

James Cole
Global Media Coordinator
Washington, D.C.
Tel: +1.202.570.7139


ICANN's mission is to ensure a stable, secure and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet you have to type an address into your computer - a name or a number. That address has to be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN coordinates these unique identifiers across the world. Without that coordination we wouldn't have one global Internet. ICANN was formed in 1998. It is a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with participants from all over the world dedicated to keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It promotes competition and develops policy on the Internet's unique identifiers. ICANN doesn't control content on the Internet. It cannot stop spam and it doesn't deal with access to the Internet. But through its coordination role of the Internet's naming system, it does have an important impact on the expansion and evolution of the Internet. For more information please visit:

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."