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会议记录 | 新 gTLD 计划委员会会议

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本文档已翻译为多种语言,仅供参考之用。原始官方版本(英文版)可在以下位置找到: http://www.icann.org/en/groups/board/documents/minutes-new-gtld-12sep12-en.htm

 

注:2012 年 4 月 10 日,理事会成立了新 gTLD 计划委员会,该委员会由与新 gTLD 计划不存在冲突的理事会所有投票成员组成。委员会获得理事会的全部授权(受法律、组织条例、章程或 ICANN 利益冲突政策中限制条件的约束),行使理事会的权力以处理所有可能因新 gTLD 计划而产生的问题。委员会权力的全部范围在章程中列出,请参阅 http://www.icann.org/en/groups/board/new-gTLD

ICANN 理事会的新 gTLD 计划委员会于 2012 年 9 月 12 日加利福尼亚州洛杉矶当地时间凌晨 5:00 召开了一次会议。

委员会主席 Cherine Chalaby 宣布会议正式开始。

除主席外,以下理事也参加了全部或部分会议:Akram Atallah、Chris Disspain、Bill Graham、Erika Mann、Gonzalo Navarro、Ray Plzak、R. Ramaraj、George Sadowsky、Mike Silber、Judith Vazquez 和吴国维。

Thomas Narten(IETF 联络员)和 Thomas Roessler(TLG 联络员)也以委员会非投票联络员身份参加了会议。

GAC 联络员 Fadi Chehadé、Olga Madruga-Forti 和 Heather Dryden 作为特邀观察员参加了会议。

这是 2012 年 9 月 12 日召开的新 gTLD 计划委员会会议的初步报告。

  1. 对 IOC、红十字会/红新月会名称的增强保护

    Kurt Pritz 引入了主题,提示 ICANN 已收到 GAC 关于此主题的三种情况的建议,ICANN 应在将顶级域名和二级域名方面为 IOC 和红十字会名称提供保护。Kurt 说明了 GNSO 内部就此主题所做的历史工作,包括在顶级域名方面提供建议的起草小组。有关二级域名保护的建议尚未发布。Kurt 表示,IOC 和红十字会正在就这个问题与 ICANN、GNSO 和 GAC 进行接触。有关于此的时间紧迫性在于审查二级域名保护,这样,如果它们得以采纳,则在授权新 gTLD 之前可以准备到位。就是否能将某些名称添加到 TLD 协议中的保留名称列表以在二级域名方面为其提供保护,有人建议向 GNSO 征求一些具体的意见。

    随后,新 gTLD 计划委员会审查了提出的决议并指出了一些疑问,即提出的决议并未向 GNSO 陈述正确的问题。新 gTLD 计划委员会还指出,还没有为提出的决议起草理由。

    Chris Disspain 建议在第二天完善提出的决议,并起草提出的理由,以提交委员会审查。

    主席指出了在多伦多会议前做出此决策的重要性,让 ICANN 能对 GAC 有关此主题的建议做出反应,并承诺在听取 GNSO 的意见之后于 2013 年初提供更多信息。

    主席宣布会议结束。

minutes-new-gtld-13sep12-zh.pdf  [217 KB]

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."