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Board Global Relationships Committee (BGRC) Minutes

BGRC Attendees: Bill Graham (Chair), Bertrand de La Chapelle, Olga Madruga-Forti, Erika Mann, Gonzalo Navarro, George Sadowsky and Kuo-Wei Wu

Other Board Attendees: Sébastien Bachollet, Fadi Chehadé (President and CEO), Steve Crocker, Chris Disspain, Heather Dryden, and Suzanne Woolf

Staff Attendees: Nora Abusita, Megan Bishop, Mandy Carver, Sally Costerton, Samantha Eisner, Baher Esmat, Elise Gerich, Jamie Hedlund, Nigel Hickson, Tarek Kamel, Xiaodong Lee, David Olive, Rodrigo de la Parra, Amy Stathos and Save Vocea

The following is a summary of discussions, actions taken and actions identified:

  • Minutes: The BGRC approved the minutes of its meeting in January 2013.
  • Global Stakeholder Engagement Plan: The BGRC received an update from staff on the global engagement plan in place, including action plans for engagement with the community, as well as some specific engagement plans as it relates to IGOs and Internet governance related matters.
  • Regional Updates: The BGRC received updates on regional efforts underway by the Vice Presidents for Latin America, Middle East, North America, Europe, Asia and Australasia/Pacific.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."