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What is the Task Force on Arabic Script IDNs (TF-AIDN) Up To?

What is the task force on arabic script idns

Members of the TF-AIDN Present in Singapore (March 22, 2014)


by Fahd A. Batayneh — Stakeholder Engagement Coordinator, Middle East

Since the last update on the TF-AIDN, and in addition to the Label Generation Ruleset (LGR) work undertaken by the task force, the group has been working on several initiatives in an effort to benefit the Arabic Script community from its work. The task force has also been working on spreading its work to the widest relevant communities as possible to ensure that such work is as comprehensive and as beneficial as possible.

The TF-AIDN First Face-to-Face Meeting

The group had its first face-to-face meeting in Singapore during March 20-22 right before the start of the ICANN 49 meeting. 10 members of the task force were physically in Singapore 9 of which were funded by ICANN through the Middle East Strategy, while others joined remotely. The 3-day agenda covered many topics that revolved around Inclusion/Exclusion/Deferral of Code Points, Arabic Script Variants, and Review of Maximal Starting Repertoire (MSR).

The group also benefited from being in Singapore to attend the ICANN week and engage with community members. The group had closed meetings with the Board IDN Variant Working Group (BV-WG), the Integration Panel (IP), the Global Domains Division (GDD), and with other Generation Panel (GP) members. The group was also present at relevant sessions to listen and engage in the discussions.

Principles for Inclusion, Exclusion or Deferral of Code Points for Arabic Script LGR for the Root Zone

The TF-AIDN was the first linguistic group to come out with such principles [PDF, 22 KB], and the output document has been released for public comments. While the initial code point level analysis has been completed, the group is still to finalize the code points for inclusion and exclusion from LGRs. The group is further discussing Arabic Script IDN Variants and defining general principles.

Expansion of Scope and New Membership

The TF-AIDN has decided to expand the scope of their work to include work on Universal Acceptance of Arabic Script IDNs, as well as Arabic Script email support. This additional work load has led the group to announce the need for more community members to be part of task force, and 5 community members so far have responded to the call expressing their interest in being part of this group. The call is still open for those interested in joining.

Workshop Proposal Submission to the Global IGF in Istanbul

In order to show the global Internet community the importance of having such multistakeholder linguistic groups to tackle script and linguistic issues, the TF-AIDN has decided to submit a workshop proposal to the global IGF in Istanbul, Turkey during September 2-5, 2014. The workshop; entitled “Linguistic Diversity through Script Harmony” intends to:

…bring together representatives of different script communities undertaking cross-regional efforts to develop the Root Zone Label Generation Ruleset (LGR) for enabling the IDNs and their variants. The community representatives will share the current challenges in bringing different communities together, status of developing cross-community collaborations for this purpose, and balancing linguistic and technical issues to develop the LGR.

Attendance of Relevant Events and Gatherings

In order for the TF-AIDN to showcase its work and seek feedback/advise/tips, seek new membership to the TF, and at the same time be a source of encouragement for other linguistic communities, members of the TF-AIDN attending relevant events and gatherings will present their findings to the audience. So far, the outcomes of the group have been presented during the ME DNS Forum, the ICANN Singapore Meeting, and the APTLD Muscat Members Meeting. Other fora include the ICANN London Meeting, the IGF Meeting in Istanbul, and the Arab IGF, amongst others.


Next Face-to-Face Meeting

The TF-AIDN will have its next F2F meeting in Istanbul, Turkey during June 8-12, 2014. The 5-day meeting will cover LGR discussions (June 8-10) as well as Universal Acceptance (June 11-12). Again, ICANN will be funding some task force members to attend this meeting.

In order to prepare for the meeting, the task force is currently working in 3 parallel sub-groups with one covering Variant Principles, another covering Code Point Analysis, and a third finalizing the agenda for this 2nd meeting.

Other Information

Since the TF-AIDN worked on the Arabic Script Generation Panel document, the Arabic Script GP has a dedicated wiki space at https://community.icann.org/display/croscomlgrprocedure/Arabic+Script+GP. This space shows all documents, comments made, and work status, amongst others.

Also, the TF-AIDN submitted comments to the MSR-1 Call for Comments. The response to the comments made is posted at http://forum.icann.org/lists/comments-msr-03mar14/msg00011.html.


About MESWG

The Middle East Strategy Working Group (MESWG) is an ad-hoc group of Internet experts from the region the strategy covers; i.e. the 22 Arab States, Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan (collectively defined as “The Region”). The working group consists of 21 experts from 11 countries of the region. ICANN has coordinated the formation of the working group, and provides all the necessary support to drive its mandate. ICANN’s strategic goals for its engagement in the region are to:

  1. Foster two-way engagement between ICANN and the broader Internet community in the region;
  2. Build strong and competitive domain name industry in the region; and
  3. Promote multi-stakeholder Internet governance mechanisms in the region.

These goals are divided into three strategic focus areas, namely: DNS Security and Stability, Domain Name Industry, and Internet Governance Ecosystem.

More on the MESWG can be found on the dedicated Wiki online at https://community.icann.org/display/MES/Middle+East+Working+Group.

Comments

    vahid tilavi  21:13 UTC on 11 June 2017

    thank you for help and t=good hart

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."