Welcome to Copenhagen
I am very glad to be here in Denmark and hope to talk to as many of you as possible while we’re here at the Community Forum. This has been a big year for accountability in the ICANN ecosystem. We are under new, enhanced and improved accountability measures.
We are on a journey. And, over the last few months, we’ve taken a few steps to increase the transparency around the ICANN organization. To see what the organization has been up to, please look at the latest report to the Board. This report summarizes each department’s highlights, milestones and provides an overview of recent activity.
One of the things I hear often is the desire for more people to participate in policy development processes, reviews, public comment, in all our processes. So if you’re not actively participating in one of those yet, take some time in this meeting to get involved. We will have eleven reviews this year! And, as you well know, the best way to make sure your voice, your constituency, your point of view is represented is to participate.
We’re also having a new session with the ICANN organization executive team and me on Thursday. I hope you can attend and ask us any questions you might have. This won’t replace the public forums, but is meant to give you another chance for us to talk. If you can’t attend or are participating remotely, please feel free to submit a question at firstname.lastname@example.org.
As always, I hope to talk to many of you the next few days. Please let me know if you need anything and let’s get to work.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."