The Asia Pacific Regional Plan for FY21-25 is Ready
As a follow-up to my previous blog seeking feedback, I am pleased to announce that the Asia Pacific (APAC) Regional Plan for Fiscal Years (FY) 2021-2025 is now finalized.
I am grateful for the input provided by the APAC community over the last few months of consultations, which was submitted via email, at APAC Space sessions, and at local ICANN readouts.
The APAC Regional Plan maps our focus areas and activities against the objectives and goals laid out in ICANN's FY21-25 Strategic Plan. It was identified that the APAC regional office could contribute to four out of five of ICANN's strategic objectives:
- Strengthen the security of the Domain Name System (DNS) and the DNS Root Server System
- Improve the effectiveness of ICANN's multistakeholder model of governance
- Evolve the unique identifier systems in coordination and collaboration with relevant parties to continue to serve the needs of the global Internet user base
- Address geopolitical issues impacting ICANN's mission to ensure a single and globally interoperable Internet
Going forward, our activities and outcomes will be reported against the objectives laid out in the APAC Regional Plan. Through our consultations, we have already identified a number of activities and projects to undertake in collaboration with the wider APAC community. We look forward to working with you to implement the activities set out in the regional plan!
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."