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Thanks for the support and interest so far

Hi. I just wanted to thank people for their support for the creation of this blog. I think this will be a useful way of being more accessible as an organisation and to be a little more responsive to questions and observations.

But this started with the release of our first Annual Report. Being our first we would really value feedback on it. It’s not perfect. We know that. But we hope to take comments on it for the future and thereby make it more relevant to you each year. So please do look at it and tell us what you think.

We are committed to being more transparent and accountable as an organisation and this blog is one part of that commitment. If you haven’t noticed there are others things we are doing: a news alert service and weekly news letter that you can subscribe to; a new more expanded report of Board meetings that will give you an insight into the thinking and debates at a Board level (you can find the preliminary report at; and of course the annual report as well as our consultation on management operating principles for transparency and accountability which is at
So thanks again. I look forward to having ongoing conversations!

Paul Levins
Executive Officer and Vice President, Corporate Affairs


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    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."