My Transition from ICANN CEO, an Update
As you know, I will be leaving ICANN in March 2016, and I have been sharing my future plans. As previously announced, I have accepted an appointment with a financial institution, and in addition, I’ve been invited to serve in several part-time advisory roles post ICANN.
I most recently accepted the invitation to co-chair a newly formed advisory committee to the World Internet Conference in Wuzhen. The first meeting of the committee will take place in Summer 2016. My goal is to continue to advocate for global multi-stakeholder governance and a single, open, and interoperable Internet. To avoid any misunderstanding, I wish to confirm again that I have accepted this future role in my personal capacity.
This week, I met with the Board at its request to give a debriefing on my recent activities and my plans for the coming months. I re-affirmed to the Board -- and now to the community -- that I will continue to give ICANN’s operations and the IANA Stewardship Transition my full attention until the end of my tenure.
And with this, I shall close shop for 2015 and head home to celebrate with my family. I wish all of you happy holidays, with plenty of laughter, and I look forward to start a great new year with you!
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."