LACTLD at ICANN Meetings This Year
A year full of challenges has started – requiring more and more of our commitment and participation. We are fortunate to be an active region and to have many opportunities to participate. LACTLD is pleased to be part of the council of ICANN's Latin America and Caribbean Strategic Plan.
We have a busy agenda in the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) community. There will be two ICANN Public Meetings in our region, both in countries with members of our organization. We took advantage of this situation and decided to accompany them with two of our three workshops. One of our goals is to strengthen and facilitate the participation of our ccTLDs, particularly in the processes of the Country Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO).
We will hold our Commercial Workshop alongside the ICANN61 meeting in Puerto Rico, on 8 and 9 March 2018. The agenda for this workshop is available here. I hope to see you all there! Soon after that, our Policy and Legal Workshop will be held alongside ICANN62 in Panama City. In support of these efforts, ICANN has granted our organization three scholarships for the ICANN62 meeting. These scholarships will allow three of our members to participate as Fellows, something for which we are grateful.
We have several projects underway this year together with ICANN. The Internship Program enables our region's ccTLDs that have fewer resources to be trained with the help of other ccTLDs that are in stages of greater maturity. Another important project that we will continue to support is the Domain Name System (DNS) Observatory, a project initiated by ICANN and NIC Chile.
From LACTLD we wish you a great year and we hope to find you actively participating in the activities that bring us together. See you in Puerto Rico!
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."