Skip to main content

Join a Contractual Compliance & Consumer Safeguards Conversation

Over the past few years there has been an increase in reports of DNS abuse, including malware, phishing and botnets. We have also seen the advent of voluntary agreements between registries and content producers aimed at reducing massive online copyright infringement. In light of these developments, we are initiating a community-wide discussion of contractual compliance and consumer safeguards, including ICANN's authority and capabilities to address DNS abuse.

Please join us for an initial community discussion on contractual compliance and consumer safeguard matters on 25 September 2017. We developed a flexible agenda based on input gathered from the community to facilitate an informal discussion around:

  • Existing safeguards [PDF, 316 KB] within ICANN's contracts and Bylaws
  • Types of DNS abuse that may fall within ICANN's remit; and
  • Gaps within ICANN's capabilities to address abuse that may be filled by other entities within the community.

We will also ask participants to consider a dedicated session at ICANN60. We are looking forward to this initial discussion. If you cannot join the webinar and would like to share your thoughts, or if you have any questions, please contact ICANN's Consumer Safeguards Director, Bryan Schilling, at


    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."