Inviting You to ICANN57 in Hyderabad!
ICANN57 will be held in Hyderabad, India, from 3–9 November 2016. Together with Samiran Gupta, Head of India, and the Asia Pacific Hub team, I welcome you to Hyderabad!
We are very excited about this second ICANN Public Meeting to be hosted in India. The first, ICANN31, was held in February 2008 in New Delhi.
Currently, over 462 million people in India are connected to the Internet. This number may seem huge, but it represents only 34% of the country’s population. It’s no surprise that we expect many of the next billion Internet users to come from India!
With India’s support of the multistakeholder model of Internet governance, ICANN57 presents an opportunity for ICANN’s global community. We hope to strengthen our connections with India’s multistakeholders as we work together to maintain a stable, secure and interoperable Internet for the benefit of all.
Hyderabad – nicknamed “Cyberabad” – is home to top international and Indian information technology companies. Hyderabad is the capital of India’s newest state, Telengana, which was established in June 2014. But for history buffs, the city of Hyderabad, situated on the banks of the Musi river, was founded in 1589 by the Qutub Shahi dynasty. Hyderabad’s uniqueness is that the ancient and the modern blend seamlessly. From the late 1990s, Hyderabad started gaining prominence as a center for the information technology industry, and has grown to earn its nickname.
We look forward to meeting you in Hyderabad!
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."