Implementing ICANN’s Africa Strategy since 2013: An Overview in Numbers
2018 marks the fifth year of our Africa Strategy, ICANN's first regional strategy to be developed as a tool for engaging with the continent. At this important milestone, we want to thank the African Internet community for its continuous support of ICANN along with a great spirit of collaboration. Our work over the past five years has shown us that:
- While the African community's participation in ICANN has become much more active, it still needs further effective involvement in ICANN activities.
- Capacity building in Africa is a long-term initiative requiring dedicated resources, which in turn requires strategic partnerships to be built. Now might be the time for Africa to develop a formal engagement strategy with ICANN.
- Though governments now have a better understanding of ICANN, they may still expect ICANN org to respond to issues beyond its remit such as online content, privacy, new technologies like the Internet of things and artificial intelligence amongst others.
The following graphics provide an overview of ICANN's stakeholder engagement efforts in Africa since 2013:
These numbers give us hope that we are getting closer to realizing the Africa Strategy. They also indicate a necessity to build upon the efforts for engagement, to help transform the Africa Domain Name industry, and bring Africa up to speed with the global Internet ecosystem.
You can access our Africa Strategy Implementation report here [PDF, 1.41 MB].
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."