ICANN61 Still Slated for Puerto Rico
It took less than 24 hours—one day—for Hurricane Maria to devastate Puerto Rico and many of its neighbors, but it will take years for them to recover. It is an understatement to say that for everyone affected, the journey back to their once normal lives will be long, painful, and economically challenging.
ICANN joins the rest of the world in extending heartfelt hopes that Puerto Rico will experience a speedy recovery. We want to back up that sentiment by publicly expressing our strong desire to keep ICANN61 in the Puerto Rican capital of San Juan.
The public meeting is scheduled for 10-15 March 2018. Our sincere hope is that by that time, recovery on the island will have advanced to the point where our meeting can proceed as scheduled. It is one way that we can all show meaningful economic support for this storm-battered U.S. territory.
We are working with our hosts to closely monitor the recovery efforts on Puerto Rico, and will keep the ICANN community apprised as the date of our meeting draws nearer.
If it is determined that the recovery efforts don’t advance to the point where San Juan can reasonably support a conference that will likely draw several thousand, we will then look for an alternative location. At this point however, that is neither our desire nor our intention.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."