We’re concluding a successful meeting in Johannesburg. I want to thank everyone who came to engage in four days of intensive policy discussions at ICANN59. The meeting showcased the dedication of ICANN’s Supporting Organizations and Advisory Committees – and the value of cross-community collaboration.
For ICANN60, we shift locations from Africa to the Middle East. The seven-day Annual General Meeting runs from 28 October to 3 November. And for the first time, the host city will be Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE).
The Middle East has immense potential to develop and expand its Internet economy. Positive factors – such as a talented young population, affordable Internet access, and embrace of technology – are helping to transform the region’s digital landscape. The UAE is in the forefront of the Internet economy in the Middle East, with enormous investments in infrastructure and e-services, a high level of Internet penetration, and wide access to technological innovations.
It is important for the community in the Middle East to increase its voice within ICANN. The Internet continues to evolve, and newcomers are poised to learn about ICANN and get involved in its work. ICANN60 will provide an excellent opportunity for those interested in getting involved to learn how they can join and have an impact.
We look forward to seeing all of you at ICANN60, and hope to see a good level of participation from the region. It will be a great opportunity for the Middle East community to meet with the global Internet community to learn more and share ideas and experiences.
See you in Abu Dhabi!
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."