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ICANN and the Schools on Internet Governance

Building capacity or providing training in Internet Governance (IG) is critical to enabling stakeholder groups to participate fully in all IG-related processes. Schools on Internet Governance (SIGs) were created specifically to support this objective.

The first SIG emerged in 2007, a couple of years after phase two of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), and just one year after the first Internet Governance Forum (IGF). SIGs continue to grow, and today there are close to 20 initiatives around the world, some global, some regional, and some national.

ICANN has played a key role in SIGs and related initiatives as a partner, sponsor, faculty member, and/or student. ICANN's role as the coordinator of the Domain Name System (DNS) and facilitator of the multistakeholder approach, as well our position as a leading global IG institution, are important topics in many SIG's curriculum. ICANN's rationale for supporting these initiatives includes awareness-raising, capacity development, an obligation to explain how the DNS actually works, outreach and engagement, and internal training opportunities.

The ICANN community has devoted significant resources to developing ICANN's Strategic Plan for fiscal years 2021-2025, which in part focuses on building capacity on the technical and operational objectives.  To ensure alignment with the goals in the Strategic Plan, ICANN has conducted a review of SIGs around the world and identified a set of good practices to guide our future support of these initiatives.

We will engage with our current SIG partners to share our thinking about how we can align our participation in individual schools that share our core objectives. We also plan to simplify how new school organizers can engage with us in the future.

We will be sharing updates as this effort progresses. If you have any questions please feel free to contact me.

Comments

    Glenn  10:04 UTC on 14 June 2020

    In response to the ICANN call for community feedback on it’s approach to Schools of Internet Governance, we of the Virtual School of Internet Governance (VSIG) propose that ICANN support the community through the access and utalization of well organized and industry specific online resources. These general online resources augment the regional perspective as found in the face to face schools, reflecting the local issues such as: Internet shutdown in different parts of the world, attacks on social media in the US, DNS abuse, data protection, net neutrality, geopolitics, cybersecurity, the digital divide, etc. It also reflects the local talent pool available to the schools. We support the idea that ICANN should continue its ongoing support for the regional face to face schools and augment these activities with global online courseware as in the case of the VSIG. A key element of a Virtual School of Internet Governance (VSIG) is that the courseware is free to all tudents. As the programme evolves, the adoption of additional courses and university affiliation will expand the opportunities for accreditation. This will create new opportunities and challenges which will be addressed as necessary. Our proposition is that the VSIG or a similar online in-depth courseware should be supported by ICANN because it provides a grounding to new students, refreshers to past students and an opportunity for internationalization of the content in various languages and contexts. It provides a broad and systemic overview of the Internet Ecosystem and places ICANN in context in this dynamic space. As the key element in Internet Governance lies in the knowledge of the history and evolvement of the internet with reference to the Domain Systems and the Internet Number Resources which are globally used. ( limited-full doc emailed)

    Olga Cavalli  08:50 UTC on 25 June 2020

    Dear Sally, Thanks for giving us the opportunity to providing comments. The South School on Internet Governance was created in 2009, its mission and main objectives are: • Promote an open and interoperable Internet, with the participation of all stakeholders • Promote the multistakeholder model • Increase the representativeness of the Latin American and Caribbean region in spaces where Internet Governance is discussed and defined • Create a training space for new generations of professionals who participate in meetings where the future of the Internet is defined Since 2009 the South School on Internet Governance awards every year fellowships to 200 professionals to participate on site, and thousands more to participate remotely. All the editions include simultaneous translation in English and Spanish languages, and also Portuguese when organized in Brazil. The fellowship includes the training course, training material, hotel for six nights, meals and social activities during the five days of activities. The South School on Internet Governance rotates among countries of the Americas and its activities are open and free for the whole community. There is no payment done by any of the fellows. In commemoration of its 10th anniversary the book "Internet Governance and regulations in Latin America" was published. The book is free for the community, available online in Spanish, English and Portuguese languages and can be found in SSIG website. ICANN has made a great contribution to all the editions of the South School on Internet Governance, with the participation of its highly qualified experts and providing funds to help supporting the fellowship program. The South School on Internet Governance commends ICANN to engage in this constructive dialogue. We kindly offer our experience to contribute with the identification of a set of good practices to guide ICANN to support these initiatives. Kind regards Olga Cavalli Academic Director South School on Internet Governance

    Oscar Messano  11:14 UTC on 27 June 2020

    Many thanks to ICANN for giving us the opportunity to provide comments. ARGENSIG is the Argentina School on Internet Governance. It was created in 2017, its mission and main objectives are: · Promote an open and interoperable Internet, with the participation of all stakeholders · Promote the multistakeholder model · Increase the representativeness of Argentina in spaces where Internet Governance is discussed and defined · Create a training space for new generations of professionals who participate in meetings where the future of the Internet is defined ARGENSIG follows the success of the South School on Internet Governance created in 2009, and its capacity building activities are focused in Argentina. ARGENSIG organized its three face to face editions (2017, 2018 and 2019) in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Argentina venue. In each edition more than 200 fellowships were awarded to professionals and students from all over Argentina who participated on site, and thousands who participate remotely. All the training activities were broadcasted openly to the community. ARGENSIG fellowship includes the training course, training material, hotel for four nights, meals and social activities during the three days of activities. There is no payment done by any of the fellows. ARGENSIG 2020 edition will be organized virtually, due to the present restrictions of social gathering and travel related with COVID-19. ICANN has made a great contribution to the three past editions of ARGENSIG with the participation of its highly qualified experts. It could be very useful for future editions of ARGENSIG if ICANN could provide funding for supporting the fellowship program. ARGENSIG the Argentina School on Internet Governance commends ICANN to engage in this constructive dialogue. We kindly offer our experience to contribute with the identification of a set of good practices to guide ICANN to support these initiatives. Kind regards Oscar Messano President CCAT LAT Organizer of ARGENSIG Argentina

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."