IANA Stewardship Transition: Another Step Closer
Today is an important day for the many stakeholders all over the world who have together worked tirelessly to preserve an open, accessible and global Internet. Today, the CCWG-Accountability releases its Draft Proposal on Work Stream 1 Recommendations for the Chartering Organizations to consider and for public consultation.
In 2014, we made a collective commitment to transition ICANN to a global, independent and accountable institution and I'm very pleased to say that the global community is well on its way to accomplishing this important goal. You, the community, have dedicated countless hours, and shown an unprecedented amount of effort, thoughtfulness and collaboration in undertaking one of the biggest cooperative efforts in the history of global governance, truly demonstrating the resilience and power of the multistakeholder approach.
And yet, there is still more to be done. I know you're tired. I know how hard you have worked to get to this point. The next two months will be critical to the success of the multistakeholder proposals and, once again, I ask you to finish out the last few steps of this journey with as much passion, dedication and hard work as you've put in to it. We are so close to bringing this amazing effort to a close and we need you to get there.
It has been a highlight of my career to watch this process unfold and an honor to participate. I look forward to the completion of a successful IANA Stewardship Transition, and I will be doing everything in my capacity to help in any way I can as we finish what we've started.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."