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From Armenia to Uzbekistan

Being a new Regional Liaison is a challenging task (esp. when there are Regional Liaisons like Giovanni Seppia, who have served longer;-).

My region is fascinating: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

I know many people in many of those countries, but I am looking forward to meet many more. I am excited about the endless possibilities we’ll have in our attempts to make the relations between ICANN and the Internet communities in these countries the best possible. By “Internet community” I mean everyone – governments, citizens, businesses, non-governmental sector.

I will be looking for information from every and each of the ccTLD (country-code top level domain) administrators, from the academic networks, the government, the Internet Service Providers, the Internet Society and last, but surely not least, from individual Internet users. I plan to continue building the traditionally good relations with all governments and their representatives at the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC). I hope also to see what we can do with regards to the Internationalized Domain Names (IDN).

To find out what the Regional Liaisons do, please, see the President’s report (PDF, 364 Kb) from Sao Paulo. Regional Liaisons are responsible for engaging with and responding to stakeholders and participants in relation to ICANN’s mandate. Responsibilities include outreach, support to and engagement with respective regions and stakeholders – civil society, business, governments; partnering with respective organizations; and deliver against business plans consistent with ICANN’s operations and strategic plan (PDF, 76 Kb; more on the process here).


    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."