Consolidating the NTIA IANA Functions' Stewardship Transition Discussion
ICANN has created a microsite for the NTIA IANA Functions' Stewardship Transition. In an effort to centralize conversation from the "Stewardship Questions" mailing list, the site will provide a comprehensive and transparent platform for the global Internet community to find resources, discuss, contribute and collaborate on stewardship topics related to NTIA's announcement and intent to transition its role in the IANA functions.
Serving as more than an education tool, the microsite operates as a forum for community members to contribute to and stay up to date on the latest news and developments regarding the stewardship transition process. The community will also have open discussion forums available to them to share their perspectives on the stewardship transition with the Coordination Group after their formation later next month.
ICANN invites and urges the community to visit and become acquainted with the microsite here, as well as utilize it to provide information.
Please note that the selection process has already begun and will end at 23:59 UTC on 2 July 2014. The submission form is located on the microsite under "Coordination Group" for ease of access.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."