Chairs' Statement from the Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability Meeting in Los Angeles
Members and participants of the Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability) met in Los Angeles, California, from 25-26 September 2015. The gathering served as an opportunity to begin analysis of the feedback received in the group’s recent public comment, advance discussions on key outstanding issues and reach agreement on next steps towards finalizing its Work Stream 1 recommendations.
The meeting was attended in-person by over 80 people, 40 of which were CCWG-Accountability members and participants, and an additional 35 joined remotely. Numerous ICANN Board Directors, Advisors, external legal counsel and representatives from NTIA also actively participated in the discussions (Full list of in-person attendees).
Over the two-day meeting, progress was made in the following areas:
- Further agreement on the community powers, specifically the power to reconsider/reject ICANN Budget and power to remove individual Board Directors
- Details of the Community Forum
- Commitment to enhance SO/AC Accountability as a part of Work Stream 1
- Incorporation of Human Rights language into the ICANN Bylaws as a part of Work Stream 1
The community is invited to follow the activities of the CCWG-Accountability online by way of the group’s public wiki and meetings. As the group works to refine its recommendations for approval by its Chartering Organizations, it will hold a face-to-face meeting in Dublin on 16 October, followed by a working session at ICANN54 on 22 October. Remote participation will be available for both meetings.
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."