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3 New Online Courses Now Available In All Major Languages On ICANN Learn

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The online learning platform developed and maintained for the ICANN community has been growing thanks to the input and participation of many dedicated members around the world. Since inception in late November 2013, online students have taken more than 44,000 lessons and enrolled in more than 40 online courses available in all major UN languages.

The goal of ICANN Learn is to make courses that are highly relevant and useful to a global audience. That's why we're pleased to announce the creation of three new courses that have just been launched. They're designed to be highly engaging, useful, and worth your time. Each course should take less than two hours to complete. The courses feature visuals, quizzes, in-depth descriptions about important topics, and more.

The Beginner's Guide To ICANN
This course is designed for those with all levels of knowledge about ICANN. It contains a beginning level of information about ICANN but can be a useful refresher course or as a starter course for newcomers. The ICANN Learn staff will be updating this course on a regular basis so please feel free to recommend topics for future lessons to be added. Thanks for taking the course! View it at

A Visual Guide To The Internet
This course is designed to be a simple way to quickly grasp how the Internet was started, how it runs, and who is behind the ongoing maintenance of the powerful service available around the world. Each lesson consists of an interesting and relevant chart as well as a brief explanation. View it at

Introduction To LACRALO
Getting to know what the Latin American and Caribbean Islands Regional At-Large Organization (LACRALO)  as well as ICANN is critical for all members. This course is designed to help inform newcomers and those in search of general information about ICANN, the multi-stakeholder model, the At-Large community, gTLDs, and more. View it at

Every course on ICANN Learn is completely free and designed to help students of any technical skill level. Ready to get started? Create a free account and start enrolling in as many courses as you like!

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    Domain Name System
    Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."