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Registration Directory Service (RDS-WHOIS2) Review Team Final Report

Open Date: 8 October 2019 Close Date: 25 November 2019
Originating Organization: ICANN Organization – Multistakeholder Strategy and Strategic Initiatives (MSSI)
Categories/Tags: Reviews/Improvement
Brief Overview:

In its Final Report, the Registration Directory Service Review Team assessed the extent to which prior Directory Service Review recommendations have been implemented and whether the implementation has resulted in the intended effect. The review team also assessed the effectiveness of the then current generic top-level domain (gTLD) registry directory service and whether its implementation meets the legitimate needs of law enforcement, promotes consumer trust, and safeguards registrant data. The report contains 22 recommendations, covering requests for more and better data collection, policy issues to be addressed by the community, a correction of the ICANN Bylaws, and suggested reforms relating to transparency and data collection within ICANN Contractual Compliance. The recommendations were adopted with full consensus from the Review Team.

Per the ICANN Bylaws, each final report of a review team shall be published for Public Comment in advance of the Board's consideration. The Public Comment process on the Final Report was started on 8 October 2019 and is expected to close on 25 November  2019. To review the Final Report and provide your feedback, click here.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."