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德国上诉法院针对 ICANN 请求保留 WHOIS 数据做出判决


洛杉矶——2018 年 9 月 17 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 于今日宣布德国高等法院针对 ICANN 请求该法院重审判决一题驳回 ICANN 的抗辩。ICANN 一直以来都在争取从德国法院处获得一份《初期强制令》,要求一家位于德国的 ICANN 认证注册服务机构 EPAG 公司(该公司为 Tucows Group 下属企业)继续按照其与 ICANN 签署的《注册服务机构认证协议 (Registrar Accreditation Agreement)》的规定搜集 WHOIS 的数据元素。该协议允许注册服务机构销售通用顶级域下的域名注册服务。

ICANN 已于上周收到德国科隆高等地区法院(即"上诉法院")的判决。该法院驳回了 ICANN 在 2018 年 8 月 17 日提出的重审请求(即"抗辩请求")。ICANN 在接到 ICANN 对 EPAG 的强制令案件判决后立即启动了上诉抗辩流程。ICANN 启动针对 EPAG 的法律程序,旨在请求法院在解释欧盟 (European Union) 颁布的《通用数据保护条例 (General Data Protection Regulation,GDPR)》时给予支持,以保护 WHOIS 系统中搜集的数据。上诉法院再次判决不会对 EPAG 发放强制令。

上诉法院认为初步强制令诉讼并未提供应对合同争议性问题的适当框架,且无需及时对初步诉讼做出判决。上诉法院再次没能处理针对 GDPR 在 WHOIS 相关应用上的问题。

接到这一判决后,ICANN 将继续审视后续步骤,包括可能在德国法院再次启动法律程序,从而履行本组织的公共利益职责,即协调通用顶级域系统分散于全球各地的 WHOIS 系统。


ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

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