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ICANN Announces Calls-to-Action for Community Participation in ICANN Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 23 July 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has several calls-to-action for community participation in ICANN reviews below.

REVIEWS:

Share your Public Comment on the Short-Term and Long-Term Options to Adjust the Timing of Reviews. ICANN has received input from the community that the current review schedule is placing strain on community resources. Following community input, ICANN published Short-Term and Long-Term options to adjust the timing of reviews for public comment. The extended close date for public comment is 31 July 2018 at 23:59 UTC.

SPECIFIC REVIEWS:

Join the Registration Directory Service Review (RDS-WHOIS2) Review Team for its 26-27 July face-to-face meeting. The review team will review the recent work of its subgroups and work to reach consensus on findings and recommendations for incorporation into its draft report. Click here to learn how to attend in person or remotely.

ORGANIZATIONAL REVIEWS:

View the Final Report of the second Root Server System Advisory Committee Review (RSSAC2). The RSSAC2 Final Report [PDF, 2.58 MB] includes an assessment of the RSSAC with eight principal findings and six principal recommendations for improving its operations with a focus on RSSAC's purpose, effectiveness, and accountability.

Visit the Review Status Update Table for the latest status on all active Specific and Organizational Reviews.

About ICANN

ICANN's mission is to help ensure a stable, secure, and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet, you need to type an address into your computer or other device – a name or a number. That address must be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinate and support these unique identifiers across the world. ICANN was formed in 1998 as a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation and a community with participants from all over the world.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."