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Proposal for Generation Panel for Myanmar Script Label Generation Ruleset for the Root Zone

LOS ANGELES – 28 June 2018 –The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced the formation of the Generation Panel to develop root zone Label Generation Rules (LGR) for the Myanmar script.

Following the Call for Generation Panels to Develop Root Zone Label Generation Rules, the Myanmar script community has submitted to ICANN the Proposal for Generation Panel for Myanmar Script Label Generation Ruleset for the Root Zone [PDF, 97 KB]. The ICANN organization reviewed the proposal, including panel composition and scope, to ensure that requirements set forth in the LGR Procedure [PDF, 771 KB], and in particular the criteria set forth in the Call for Generation Panels to Develop Root Zone Label Generation Rules, are fulfilled.

"On behalf of ICANN we are grateful to the Myanmar script community for volunteering to develop the Myanmar script LGR proposal for the root zone," said Sarmad Hussain, Director of IDN Programs at ICANN.

With composition and work plan approved, the Myanmar script Generation Panel will start its work on the label generation rules. According to the LGR Procedure, the starting point of any Generation Panel's work is the Maximal Starting Repertoire (MSR), with its third version (MSR-3 [PDF, 1.10 MB]) released on 28 March 2018. The full specification of Generation Panel's tasks can be found in the LGR Procedure, in particular, Section B.3. Variant Rule Generation Procedure.

"I'd like to take this opportunity to reiterate our appreciation for the efforts of many communities towards developing their root zone LGR proposals," added Hussain. "We still have more work to do including organizing script panels for Hebrew, Thaana, and Tibetan. I encourage interested parties to lend their skills in support of this effort.”

There are currently LGR efforts underway by Chinese, Greek, Japanese, Korean, Latin, Neo-Brahmi, and Sinhala script-using communities. In addition, the Arabic, Armenian, Cyrillic, Ethiopic, Georgian, Khmer, Lao, and Thai script communities have finalized their root zone LGR proposals, many of which have been integrated in the second edition of the Root Zone LGR.

Learn more about how you can increase representation for your language by visiting the Call for Generation Panels to Develop Root Zone Label Generation Rules.

For further information about the IDN Program at ICANN, please visit To start a new Generation Panel or to get involved in an existing one, please email at


ICANN's mission is to help ensure a stable, secure, and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet, you need to type an address – a name or a number – into your computer or other device. That address must be unique, so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinate and support these unique identifiers across the world. ICANN was formed in 1998 as a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with a community of participants from all over the world.

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."