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Implementation of the Consensus Policy for Protection of Certain Specific IGO and INGO Identifiers for All gTLDs

LOS ANGELES – 16 January 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced that all ICANN generic top-level domain (gTLD) contracted parties must implement the new Consensus Policy concerning the protection of certain specific names of intergovernmental organizations (IGO) and international nongovernmental organizations (INGO) identifiers in all gTLDs. This Consensus Policy relates only to those identifiers specifically approved by the ICANN Board in April 2014 following the conclusion of a Policy Development Process conducted by the Generic Names Supporting Organization. It does not include IGO and INGO identifiers for which Board approval is still pending or for which GNSO policy work remains ongoing.

Contracted parties will have until 1 August 2018 to complete implementation of the new requirements for certain specific names of IGOs, the International Olympic Committee (IOC), and the Red Cross/Red Crescent Movement (RCRC). For INGOs, the implementation period will be 12 months from the release of the INGO Claims Systems Specification which is currently under development by ICANN org.

The protections within this policy pertain to specific names of certain IGOs, INGOs, the IOC, and the RCRC, according to the recommendations adopted by the ICANN Board. The policy requires registry operators to withhold the specified names from registration for IGOs, the IOC, and the RCRC at the second-level and provides an exceptions procedure for registration. For INGOs, the policy requires claims notices at the second-level.

Additional information is available at the ICANN Generic Names Supporting Organization working group and IGO/INGO implementation review team wiki pages.

About ICANN

ICANN's mission is to help ensure a stable, secure and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet, you need to type an address – a name or a number – into your computer or other device. That address must be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinate and support these unique identifiers across the world. ICANN was formed in 1998 as a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with a community of participants from all over the world.


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."