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Attend the GNSO Webinar on the Geographic Names at the Top-Level on Tuesday, 25 April

As part of its efforts to engage the ICANN community on the issue of geographic names at the top-level, the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Policy Development Process (PDP) Working Group (WG) will hold two webinar sessions on Tuesday, 25 April 2017. The webinar will be the beginning of a discussion that will continue at ICANN59 in Johannesburg, South Africa. The PDP WG leadership team will be holding an extended session in Johannesburg to work through the positions presented in the webinars and propose solutions on how to establish a common ground on the way forward.

Anyone is welcome to participate in the webinar and contribute their perspectives. To attend the webinar, please email to receive participation details and timely updates on the program.

The first webinar session will take place at 15:00-17:00 UTC, and the second session will take place at 22:00-00:00 UTC. Various organizations and individual ICANN community members will present their positions on the treatment of geographic names in the webinars.

Group Presenters

  • Brand Registry Group
  • GAC Working Group on the Protection of Geographic Names
  • GeoTLD Group
  • Intellectual Property Constituency
  • International Trademark Association - Geographic Names Subcommittee (Internet Committee)

Individual Presenters

  • Heather Forrest
  • Thomas Lowenhaupt
  • Paul McGrady
  • Alexander Schubert

The webinars will be recorded and archived. Please visit this wiki page for webinar materials and additional information about the Johannesburg session.

If you have any questions, please email

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."