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At-Large Draft Report for Public Comment: Announcement

Provide your public comment [PDF, 1.43 MB] on the Draft Report [PDF, 2.3 MB] issued by ITEMS International (ITEMS) on the Review of the At-Large.

The At-Large is the community of individual internet users who participate in the policy development work of ICANN and provide policy advice to the ICANN Board. Currently, more than 160 groups representing the views of individual Internet users are active throughout the world. At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) is responsible for considering and providing advice on the activities of ICANN.

The criteria for the Review was developed in collaboration with the At-Large Review Working Party and focuses on At-Large Community components (ALAC, RALOs and ALSes) to assess the following:

Fulfilment of mission; adherence to Policies and Procedures, and organizational support; accountability and transparency to the public; membership processes and participation; communication; governance and management, effectiveness of execution; evaluation and measurement of outcomes; effectiveness of implementation of prior review recommendations.

View the Report:

This second At-Large Review started in May 2016. For this Draft Report, ITEMS has reviewed the At-Large community over the past nine months. The Report is based on over 100 face-to-face interviews, the analysis of 242 online survey responses, and the review of relevant documents. In addition, ITEMS has attended ICANN56 and ICANN57, interacting with the community and observing At-Large meetings, discussions, and procedures. Find the At-Large Draft Report here [PDF, 2.3 MB].

Share your Public Comment:

Provide your public comment via the Public Comment Feedback Form [PDF, 1.43 MB].

Following the review of public comments, ITEMS will provide a Final Report to be presented, together with the At-Large Review Working Party's Feasibility Assessment, to the ICANN Board's Organizational Effectiveness Committee for its consideration.

For more information, visit the At-Large Review wiki.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."