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Revised New gTLD Program Implementation Review Report Now Available

ICANN today announced the publication of the revised Program Implementation Review report, a self-assessment of New gTLD Program processes. The report of public comments [PDF, 788 KB], which includes a summary and analysis of the comments received regarding the draft report, has also been published.

Read the revised Program Implementation Review report [PDF, 28.2 MB].

The Program Implementation Review report is an assessment performed by members of ICANN staff charged with executing the New gTLD Program, examining the effectiveness and efficiency of the implementation of program processes. It is intended to help inform the Competition, Consumer Trust, and Consumer Choice (CCT) Review Team's assessment of the effectiveness of the application and evaluation processes. Within the report, ICANN has identified several areas that may benefit from further work and discussion.

The initial draft of the Program Implementation Review report was published for comment on 23 September 2015. The revised version available today includes updates to provide clarification in response to public comments.

The public comments received highlighted several areas where community members suggest that additional development in policy or implementation would be beneficial for future rounds. Among the topics cited most were the concept of registry service provider accreditation and application tracks for different categories of applicants (e.g., ".BRANDs"). The Report of Public Comments and Revised Program Implementation Review report are being provided to the CCT Review Team for its consideration.

About ICANN

ICANN's mission is to help ensure a stable, secure and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet, you have to type an address into your computer - a name or a number. That address has to be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinate and support these unique identifiers across the world. ICANN was formed in 1998 as a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation and a community with participants from all over the world. ICANN and its community help keep the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It also promotes competition and develops policy for the top-level of the Internet's naming system and facilitates the use of other unique Internet identifiers. For more information please visit: www.icann.org.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."