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立即申请:针对新 gTLD 项目审核征召主攻消费者保护、经济和安全的专家

2015 年 11 月 2 日——ICANN 于今日宣布延长针对新 gTLD 项目审核中有关竞争、消费者信任和消费者选择 (CCT) 一题的社群团队征召申请期。现急需主攻消费者保护、经济和安全的专家。选取审核团队成员时还需考虑地理多样性这一因素。任何必要差旅费用将由 ICANN 承担。《意向书》提交的截止时间为世界协调时 2015 年 11 月 13 日 23:59 时。

立即申请!

被选为 CCT 审核团队的成员将带头对域名行业和系统的数据进行持续跟踪和审核。他们对新 gTLD 对市场和互联网根区的影响一题所进行的分析将可能被写入政策调整,并对后续新 gTLD 项目的申请轮次产生影响。加强域名空间的竞争、选择和信任是新 gTLD 项目的主要目标;互联网社群在确定新 gTLD 是否兑现了承诺这方面拥有着既定的利益。CCT 审核团队成员将代表更为广泛的社群来得出这些结论。

审核团队成员将在 2015 年 12 月选出,并于 2016 年 1 月启动工作。预计团队成员之间将紧密合作,并与其他社群成员进行充分交流。CCT 审核团队将自行确定数据搜集、分析和报告的时间表,并预计将在 2016 年 12 月 31 日前提交最终报告。

新 gTLD 项目中针对竞争、消费者信任和消费者选择的审核内容源于 ICANN 《义务确认书》的强制性规定。组建审核团队旨在审视"gTLD 的引入或扩张从何种程度上提高了竞争、消费者信任和消费者选择;确定 (a) 申请和评估流程的有效性和 (b) 本次引入或扩张期间为了解决问题所采纳的保护措施的有效性。"本团队在审慎考量过程中将考虑多方数据源,包括互联网社群所推荐使用的衡量标准。ICANN 一直以来都在针对这些衡量标准搜集数据,并创建了网页来发布信息。其他衡量标准的数据则源于通过一项经济调研活动对互联网用户、域名注册人所进行的全球性调查。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."