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ICG Completes Its Work and Awaits Conclusion of CCWG on Enhancing ICANN Accountability

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IANA Stewardship Transition Proposal [PDF, 2.4 MB]

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group has finalized the IANA Stewardship Transition Proposal with the exception of one outstanding item. The names portion of the proposal is conditioned on ICANN-level accountability mechanisms currently under development in the Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG). Before sending this proposal to the NTIA via the ICANN Board, the ICG will secure confirmation from the CWG that its accountability requirements have been met.

The ICG would like to thank all those who submitted public comments during the ICG's public comment period. The ICG discussed this input and incorporated it into the current proposal as appropriate. As a result, matters relating to the dependency between the CWG and the CCWG, the Post-Transition IANA, the Root Zone Maintainer, the jurisdiction of ICANN, intellectual property related to IANA, and conformance with the NTIA criteria, among other matters, have been clarified.

The numbers and protocol parameters portions of the proposal are complete, ready for implementation, and have no dependencies on the work of the CCWG or other remaining processes. Preparation for implementation of the numbers and protocol parameters proposals is underway and can continue without waiting for the CCWG to complete its work.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."