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ICANN and EuroDIG Sign Memorandum of Understanding During ICANN’s 54th Public Meeting in Dublin, Ireland

Photo of handshake between ICANN President & CEO, Fadi Chehade, and EuroDIG Managing Director, Sandra Hoferichter

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and the European Dialogue on Internet Governance (EuroDIG) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) [PDF, 455 KB], which encourages further collaboration and cooperation between both organizations in their efforts to further promote and strengthen the multistakeholder model of Internet governance in Europe.  The agreement aims to further common objectives between ICANN and EuroDIG, including for the planning and organization of the annual EuroDIG event, as well as to strengthen active participation in ICANN’s policy-making processes, and to strengthen the support for the multi-stakeholder participation and governance model of the Internet.

The Parties will, in particular, collaborate on the following activities:

  • Formalize ICANN’s involvement in the joint planning and organization of the annual EuroDIG event;
  • ICANN to participate, in particular, in the consultation and decision making process for the annual event organized by EuroDIG, including: drafting of the programme and messages, selection of the host countries and dates, outreach to key participants;
  • EuroDIG to include ICANN into the outreach activities to all stakeholder groups in Europe and beyond; and
  • ICANN to contribute its expertise in technical and logistical matters such as remote participation and capacity building, as appropriate.

The MoU was officially signed on 21 October 2015, during a signing ceremony that took place during ICANN’s 54th Public Meeting in Dublin, Ireland. It was signed by ICANN President & CEO, Fadi Chehade, and EuroDIG Managing Director, Sandra Hoferichter.  

For more information, please read the full Memorandum of Understanding, which can be downloaded here [PDF, 455 KB].


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."