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ICANN AND ECLAC TO BUILD A COOPERATIVE RELATIONSHIP AND WORK ON SEVERAL AREAS OF INTERNET-RELATED ISSUES

ICANN AND THE ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN UNDERSCORE THE SIGNING OF A MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING

Mexico City, Mexico.
August 2015.

During a bilateral meeting held in Mexico City within the framework of the Fifth Ministerial Conference on the Information Society in Latin America and the Caribbean, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and the highest-ranking United Nations authority on economic affairs in Latin America and the Caribbean (the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean- ECLAC), agreed to build a cooperative relationship to work on areas of common interest related to the development of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in the region of Latin America and the Caribbean.

Both organizations expressed mutual recognition for the significant work each of them does within their remit, including eLAC - a mechanism of political dialog that ECLAC initiated ten years ago - and significant work by ICANN in the industry around the Internet's naming system, known as the Domain Name System (DNS). Further, the two organizations underscored the recent signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to join efforts in several areas of common interest related to Internet issues.

Fadi Chehadé, ICANN President and CEO, highlighted the significance of this MoU signed with ECLAC, which seeks to increase cooperation and collaboration between both organizations.

"We are indeed grateful for this cooperation and collaboration opportunity, which will further enhance support for the Internet multistakeholder model and, of course, we are enthusiastic about contributing to ECLAC's outstanding work in the region of Latin America and the Caribbean."

When referring to the MoU, both parties expressed their commitment to explore opportunities aimed at building a cooperative relationship to work on several areas of common interest, such as promoting the development of ICTs within the region and fostering a regional network of stakeholders and decision-makers that could contribute to ICANN's policy development processes.

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About ICANN:

ICANN's mission is to help ensure a stable, secure and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet you have to type an address into your computer - a name or a number. That address has to be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinates these unique identifiers across the world. Without that coordination we wouldn't have one global Internet. ICANN was formed in 1998. It is a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with participants from all over the world dedicated to keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It promotes competition and develops policy on the Internet's unique identifiers. ICANN doesn't control content on the Internet. It cannot stop spam and it doesn't deal with access to the Internet. But through its coordination role of the Internet's naming system, it does have an important impact on the expansion and evolution of the Internet. For more information please visit: www.icann.org.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."