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跨社群工作组现发布 IANA 管理权移交域名职能提案草案第 2 版

论坛公告: 公共评议期开放日 日期: 2015 年 4 月 22 日
类别/标签: IANA 管理权移交

ICANN 下属负责编制 IANA 管理权移交提案域名职能部分的跨社群工作组(CWG——管理权1 现已就美国商务部国家电信和信息管理局有意将其对 IANA 职能合同所拥有的管理权移交给全球多利益相关方社群一题编制了提案草案的第 2 版文件,现已公开发布以征询公众意见。本提案草案旨在为本工作组回复 IANA 管理权移交协调小组 (ICG) 的《提案征询》(即提交《提案终稿》)而奠定基础

尽管本次公共评议期的时长并未达到最低 40 日的要求,但 ICANN 的两名全球领导人已决定批准启动本公共评议期。


1 2014 年 3 月 14 日,美国商务部下属国家电信和信息管理局 (NTIA) 宣布有意将其对 IANA 职能和相关根区管理的管理权移交出去。ICANN 接到请求为移交流程提供支持。2014 年 6 月,经过了一系列社群协商后,ICANN 宣布成立 IANA 管理权移交协调小组 (ICG),以负责编纂一套可反映受到 IANA 职能影响的不同相关方的需求的移交提案。ICG 于 2014 年 9 月发布《提案征询》,请参见此处链接:

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."