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WSIS Project Prizes 2015 Nomination

Two ICANN projects, the DNS Entrepreneurship Center and Investigating DNS Abuse/Misuse for Public Safety Community have been nominated for the Online Voting Phase of the WSIS Project Prizes 2015 contest. Information on the nominated projects can be found here.

The deadline for submitting your votes is 1 May 2015 (23:00 Geneva time). Click here to cast your vote today!

PROJECTS' BACKGROUND INFORMATION

DNS Entrepreneurship Center

The establishment of a regional DNS Entrepreneurship Centre (DNS-EC) in Cairo announced last year was established to serve communities in Africa and the Middle East. The Centre aims to contribute to the evolution of the domain name sector in Africa and the Middle East by developing and providing expertise in DNS technical, policy and entrepreneurial areas, as well as providing resources to support the implementation of initiatives and projects in this field. The project will be implemented in three phases – Foundation (1 July 2014-30 June 2015), Launch (1 July 2015-30 June 2017) and Operation (On-going). The aim is for the DNS-EC to become an independent entity serving Africa and the Middle East by the end of Phase I – 30 June 2015.

Investigating DNS Abuse/Misuse for Public Safety Community

At the request of Public Safety Communities who participate in ICANN policy development, ICANN in the past few years began developing a capability building program designed to assist investigators in understanding how criminals use the domain name system (DNS) and registration services in malicious or illegal activities, and how to gather information/evidence of these abuses.

This workshop exposes attendees to strategies, techniques and tools that information security professionals use to identify abuses of the Domain Name System (DNS), malicious registrations of domain names, addresses or hosting. Through a combination of lecture, demonstration, and hands-on exercises, attendees will learn how to collect information that will be needed to further investigate criminal activity.

Additional information about the WSIS Project Prizes can be found here.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."