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Markus Kummer Appointed to ICANN Board of Directors

The Non-Contracted Parties House (NCPH) of the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) has appointed Markus Kummer, Senior Vice President of the Internet Society (ISOC), to the ICANN Board of Directors. Kummer will fill the seat currently held by Bill Graham.

Previously, the 2014 Nominating Committee (NomCom) announced its selections for six key leadership positions within ICANN, including the Board's representative from North America, Dr. Stephen Crocker, currently serving as Board Chair and Asha Hemrajani representing Asia/Australia/Pacific Islands

Kummer, along with the other selectees, will take his new position at the conclusion of ICANN's Annual General Meeting, scheduled for 12-14 October 2014, in Los Angeles, California, USA.

To learn more about Markus Kummer, please visit http://www.internetsociety.org/who-we-are/people/mr-markus-kummer.

For more information about the GNSO, please visit http://gnso.icann.org/en/.

For more information about the NomCom, please visit http://nomcom.icann.org/.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."